Monday, December 8, 2008

Mulan Cartoon

Hua Mulan is a heroine who joined an all-male army, described in a famous Chinese poem known as the Ballad of Mulan. The poem was first written in the Musical Records of Old and New from the 6th century, the century before the founding of the Tang Dynasty; the original work no longer exists, and the original text of this poem comes from another work known as the Music Bureau Collection, an anthology of lyrics, songs, and poems, compiled by Guo Maoqian during the 12th century. The author explicitly mentions the Musical Records of Old and New as his source for the poem. Whether she was a historical person or whether the poem was an allegory has been debated for centuries—it is unknown whether the story has any factual basis.
Mulan Cartoon
Mulan Cartoon 1Mulan Cartoon 2Mulan Cartoon
The word mulan refers to the "Magnolia liliiflora". (mù by itself means "wood" and lán means "orchid".) The heroine of the poem is given many different family names in the various versions of her story. According to History of the Ming, her family name is Zhu, while the History of the Qing say it is Wei. The Ballad of Mulan doesn't give her family name. The Ming scholar Xu Wei offers yet another alternative when, in his play, he gives her the family name Huā (meaning "flower"). This latter name has become the most popular in recent years in part to its more poetic meaning. Her complete name is then 花木蘭, transcribed as Huā Mùlán in Pinyin and Hua1 Mu4-lan2 in Wade-Giles.

Mulan Cartoon 3Mulan Cartoon
The Disney animated film popularised the version "Fa Mulan". This "Fa" pronunciation of 花 is found in various Chinese languages including Cantonese, while "Mulan" is the phonetic translation from Mandarin.
Mulan Cartoon
Mulan Cartoon 4Mulan Cartoon 5Mulan Cartoon 6Mulan Cartoon 7Mulan Cartoon 8Mulan Cartoon 9
Mulan Cartoon10Mulan Cartoon

No comments: